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Analysis of Policy Options to Convert Human-Elephant Conflict into Human-Elephant Harmony

Studies options to mitigate human-elephant conflict (HEC) over habitat and food, by using cost – benefit analysis (CBA) and cost- effectiveness analysis (CEA). Conducts a survey in 6 villages on basis of villagers’ attitudes towards HEC, damages, and mitigation measures. Explores 3 conflict mitigation options, namely Option 1: habitat improvement and female elephant contraception; Option 2: habitat improvement, female elephant contraception, and land-use change; Option 3: habitat improvement, female elephant contraception, and using electric fence. Reveals HEC damage cost of THB 48,374 per annum borne by household which accounts for 26% of annual household income. Presents the policy option 3 involving habitat improvement, female elephant contraception, and using electric fence as an equilibrium with the highest net present value (NVP) and also the most cost-effective option.