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Race and British Colonialism in South-East Asia, 1770-1870: John Crawfurd and the Politics of Equality

Studies John Crawfurd’s theory about racial equality on legal rights in British colonies, focusing on Java of Indonesia where his campaign battled against James Brooke and British rule in Borneo. Explores John Crawfurd’s background and roles in Southeast Asia as well as two opposite theories on colonialism and indigenous civilization. Explains Crawfurd’s ideas about sources of Southeast Asian civilization, liberal equality between races, colonial expansion and the governance of Singapore. Describes Brooke’s new form of empire and Crowfurd’ work to oppose Brooke’s plan.